Wet and dry deposition of chemical species to the earth’s surface plays an essential role in controlling the concentration of gases and aerosols in the troposphere. The chemical composition of atmospheric deposition provides important information on many interacting physical and chemical mechanisms in the atmosphere such as emission sources, atmospheric dynamics and transport, atmospheric removal processes, and nutrient cycling in ecosystems. Long-term research on deposition thus provides critical information on natural and anthropogenic influences on the atmosphere and provides information on the temporal and spatial evolution of atmospheric chemistry. Phase I of DEBITS, which was initiated in 1990 under the first phase of IGAC, focused on the development of an international measurement network of stations to monitor the wet and dry deposition of biogeochemically important trace species. As a result of Phase I, DEBITS stations are of the highest data quality and assurance, following the WMO/GAW data quality objectives. In Phase II, the DEBITS science community has adopted a twofold approach to maintain the present operational structure of DEBITS and to support a new integrated approach to deposition flux measurements and impact studies. Despite the efforts of the DEBITS Task and other research, wet and especially dry deposition remains a large unknown in the chemical budget of the atmosphere. The IGAC SSC believes there is still a strong need for international collaboration and integration of research on atmospheric deposition, especially in implementing and maintaining long-term monitoring networks and understanding the chemical/physical properties of deposition.
For more information, please see the DEBITS website at http://Debits.sedoo.fr.
A global assessment of precipitation chemistry and deposition of sulfur, nitrogen, sea salt, base cations, organic acids, acidity and pH, and phosphorus (2014) R. Vet, R.S. Artz, S. Carou, et al., Atmospheric Environment.
*This is a WMO sponsored assessment that includes observations and input from the IGAC Activity DEBITS.